Regulation Resources

28 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 23

The 28 CFR Part 23 regulation is a guideline for law enforcement agencies. It contains implementing standards for operating federally funded, multijurisdictional criminal intelligence systems. It applies to systems operating through federal funding under Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended.

Sample Documents

The following are examples of documents that have been used by other agencies to develop and maintain their criminal intelligence systems.

Agencies, Organizations, and Programs

Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)

BJA provides leadership and services in grant administration and criminal justice policy development to support local, state, tribal, and territorial law enforcement in achieving safer communities. BJA supports programs and initiatives in the areas of law enforcement, justice information sharing, countering terrorism, managing offenders, combating drug crime and abuse, adjudication, advancing tribal justice, crime prevention, protecting vulnerable populations, and capacity building.

Law Enforcement Enterprise Portal (LEEP)

LEEP is a secure platform for law enforcement agencies, intelligence groups, and criminal justice entities. LEEP provides Web-based investigative tools and analytical resources. Users collaborate in a secure environment, use tools to strengthen their cases, and share departmental documents.

Regional Information Sharing Systems (RISS) Program

The mission of the RISS Program is to assist local, state, federal, and tribal criminal justice partners by providing adaptive solutions and services that facilitate information sharing, support criminal investigations, and promote officer safety.

Criminal Intelligence Resources

Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA)

The ECPA, as amended, protects wire, oral, and electronic communications while those communications are being made, are in transit, and when they are stored on computers. The Act applies to email, telephone conversations, and data stored electronically.

An intelligence project must assure that there will be no purchase or use of any electronic, mechanical, or other device for surveillance purposes in violation of the ECPA or any applicable state statute related to wiretapping and surveillance. Such information could not be included in a 28 CFR Part 23-compliant criminal intelligence information record because it would not have been legally obtained.

Criminal Intelligence Resources Guide

The Criminal Intelligence Resources Guide focuses on intelligence products available to law enforcement officials. This guide contains a listing of available products and a brief summary of what each product entails.

The guide is broken into the following categories:

  • Analysts
  • Fusion Centers
  • Policy
  • Training and Technical Assistance (specific to fusion centers)
  • Technology
  • Gangs
  • General Intelligence
  • Nationwide Suspicious Activity Report Initiative
  • Privacy
  • Security
  • Training (other than fusion center training)

Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative (Global) and the Criminal Intelligence Coordinating Council (CICC)

Global serves as a federal advisory committee and advises the U.S. Attorney General on justice information sharing and integration initiatives. Global was created to support the broad-scale exchange of pertinent justice and public safety information. It promotes standards-based electronic information exchange to provide the justice community with timely, accurate, complete, and accessible information in a secure and trusted environment.

The CICC supports state, local, and tribal law enforcement and homeland security agencies in their ability to develop and share criminal intelligence and information nationwide. The coordination that the CICC strives for has far-reaching effects, the most significant being the continued active involvement of local, state, and tribal law enforcement and homeland security agencies in nationwide criminal intelligence sharing efforts. It is only through the institutionalization of coordination and collaboration among all agencies—regardless of size and jurisdiction—that we can effectively and efficiently develop and share criminal intelligence, resulting in a safer nation.

The CICC offers many publications and resources, including a weekly snapshot of law enforcement and criminal intelligence-related articles, resources, and research that may be of interest to CICC members and partners working to improve the nation’s ability to develop and share criminal intelligence. To receive the CICC’s Five in 5, please register here:

Fusion Centers and Intelligence Sharing

As part of the U.S. Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Global efforts to develop fusion center guidelines, the CICC, in support of BJA, Office of Justice Programs, recommended the creation of the Fusion Center Focus Group. This focus group was tasked with recommending guidelines to aid in the development and operation of fusion centers.

National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan (NCISP)

NCISP, the first of its kind in the country, provides a blueprint to help agencies establish criminal intelligence sharing policies, procedures, standards, technologies, and training. The plan was assembled with close input and cooperation from local, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies, and it has been endorsed by numerous national law enforcement organizations. Implementation of NCISP will provide law enforcement agencies with the ability to gather, analyze, protect, and share information and intelligence to identify, investigate, prevent, deter, and defeat the perpetrators of criminal and terrorist activities, both domestically and internationally.

Privacy, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties Resources

This website provides a host of resources, including a toolkit, guides, templates, reports, and research related to privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties.

Additional Law Enforcement Resources

Center for Task Force Training™ (CenTF) Program

The BJA CenTF Program was developed to increase the effectiveness of local, state, tribal, and territorial law enforcement in the management of multijurisdictional task force operations. The program promotes integrity and accountability through emphasis of best practices to reduce liability and enhance officer safety and effectiveness.

The CenTF Program supports the Center for Task Force Leadership and Integrity, a restricted-access website that offers specialized online training designed to bolster task force capabilities; promote officer safety; and protect individuals’ privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties.

National Public Safety Partnership (PSP)

PSP provides an innovative framework for DOJ to enhance its support of state, tribal, and local law enforcement officers and prosecutors in the investigation, prosecution, and deterrence of violent crime—especially crime related to gun violence, gangs, and drug trafficking. This approach serves as a platform for DOJ to directly engage with cities to identify and prioritize resources that will help local communities address their violent crime crises.

State and Local Anti-Terrorism Training (SLATT) Program

The prevention of and response to terrorism begin at the state and local levels. The SLATT Program provides no-cost training and resources to state, local, tribal, and territorial law enforcement officers and members of the intelligence community who serve as the front line of defense against acts of terror.